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Definitions on variables that appear on the horizontal bar at the top of the entity level pages of the Rated network operator explorer.

Participation Rate

The number of epochs a validator’s attestation was included on-chain divided by the number of epochs that validator is active, aggregated across all validator indices associated with a given operator address.

Inclusion Delay

The average of the distance between the slot a validator’s attestation is expected by the network and the slot the attestation is actually included on-chain, across all validators associated with an operator address.


The average between Target and Header accuracy (as described below).

Effectiveness Rating

The Rated model of validator performance.

For more information on how this is computed and the methodology behind it, please refer to the Effectiveness rating page.

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